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Why should you treat melasma right away?

Posted By Mariana
According to the American Academy of Dermatology Association, melasma is a common skin problem that is distinguished by gray-brown patches, usually on the face. It commonly appears on cheeks, bridge of the nose, forehead, chin, and above their upper lip. It can appear in high sun exposure body
areas as well.

Let's face it melasma is pesky and seems to creep up overnight as it reveals itself in brown patches and in various shapes and sizes.
While its effects are more apparent in medium skin tones, it's important to note that even light and dark skin tones are susceptible as well.

So what causes melasma?  
The typical instigators are:

  1. Genetic predisposition - affects, mostly, people of colour who have active pigment-producing cells naturally in their skin

  2. Hormones (pregnancy, contraceptives and IUDs) - Estrogen is primarily the cause of hormonal melasma and it is due to the fact that pigment cells have estrogen receptors attached to them and so they can be easily activated into overproduction in the skin

  3. Ultraviolet radiation exposure - visible light exposure can change the structure of the epidermal layer that contains melanin cells. The chemical change that it triggers can cause the excess production of pigment leading to darker blotches in the skin.

So what can you do about melasma?

Most clinical skin care treatments are targeted towards the cells that deposit the colour or the existing melanin that is already found in the skin. The most common method of treating melasma is through laser therapy, typically through IPL or Intense Pulsed Light Therapy. You can view a list of our treatments for photodamage here.

Still, in-clinic solutions can only go so far and may not inhibit future melanin overproduction or a full reversal of the pigment deposit. Patient maintenance at home is key to ensuring the treatment is effective and long-lasting.

Here are some over the counter medical-grade products that help offset photodamage, treat pigmentation spots, and provide the first line of defence for future melanin activation.

  1. IS Clinical Super Serum (Daily Serum for reversing and offsetting the chemical reaction in the skin when exposed to visible light)

  2. Tizo SPF40 (medical grade, non-comedogenic, full spectrum sunscreen)

  3. Vivier Advanced Lightening Serum (Pigment Correcting/Lightning Topical Treatment)

There are many products available to treat melasma. Depending on the condition of your skin, however, not all products may be suitable for you. In order to best serve your particular needs, we always recommend a consultation with a skin care advisor or professional. Book one here!

Products that help treat pigmentation spots:

  • T LeClerc
    Loose Powder

    C$ 55.00

  • DCL Dermatologic
    C Scape High Potency Serum 25

    C$ 124.00

  • SkinCeuticals
    Physical Fusion UV Defense SPF 50

    C$ 48.00

  • EltaMD
    AM Therapy Facial Moisturizer

    C$ 74.00

  • SkinCeuticals
    Phloretin CF

    C$ 185.00

  • VivierSkin
    Advanced Skin Lightening Serum

    C$ 149.00

  • Consonant
    Natural Foaming Face Wash

    C$ 22.00

  • Physiodermie
    Stabilizing Lotion pH Balancing

    C$ 49.94

  • SkinCeuticals
    Discoloration Defense

    C$ 135.00

  • Obagi
    Nu-Derm Clear FX

    C$ 135.00

  • SkinMedica
    AHA/BHA Exfoliating Cleanser

    C$ 50.00

  • Obagi
    Nu-Derm Toner

    C$ 56.00

  • Glytone
    Exfoliating Body Wash

    C$ 43.00

  • PCA Skin
    Pigment/Brightening Bar

    C$ 68.00

  • Dr Renaud
    Natigene Collagen Gel

    C$ 57.96

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